Inonu, Ismet

(1884-1973)
   Ismet Inonu became Mustafa Kemal Ataturk's chief lieutenant and successor as president of Turkey in 1938. Some claimed that Inonu was of Kurdish ancestry.
   At first Inonu took a conciliatory position on the Kurdish issue, declaring that modern Turkey was a homeland of the Kurds and Turks. As Turkey's chief negotiator at the Treaty of Lausanne in July 1923, however, Inonu made no special mention of the Kurds. Following the Sheikh Said rebellion in 1925, Inonu is reputed to have declared that only the Turkish nation is entitled to claim ethnic and national rights in this country. No other element has any such right. As Ataturk's first prime minister, Inonu announced draconian measures in the form of the Independence Tribunals to hand down swift capital punishment for the rebels and their supporters.
   In 1950, Inonu allowed Turkey's first competitive elections, which resulted in his defeat and removal from power. He returned to power from 1961 to 1965 following the military coup of 1960. His eldest son, Erdal Inonu, was a prominent leftist Turkish politician in the 1980s and early 1990s, serving briefly as interim prime minister before his retirement.

Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. .

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  • İnönü, İsmet — born Sept. 24, 1884, Smyrna, Ottoman Empire died Dec. 25, 1973, Ankara, Tur. Turkish army officer and statesman. On the surrender of the Ottoman Empire in World War I (1918), he was undersecretary of war. He became prime minister in 1923, and… …   Universalium

  • Inönü,Ismet — I·nö·nü (ĭn ə no͞oʹ, ĭ nœ nüʹ), Ismet. 1884 1973. Turkish army officer and politician who served as president (1938 1950) and kept Turkey neutral during World War II. * * * …   Universalium

  • Inönü, Ismet — ► (1884 1973) General y político turco. Fue el segundo presidente de la República (1938 50) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Inönü — Inönü, Ismet …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ismet Inonu — İsmet İnönü İsmet İnönü 2e président de la République turque …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ismet Inönü — Mustafa İsmet (seit 1934:) İnönü (* 24. September 1884 in İzmir; † 25. Dezember 1973 in Ankara) war kurdisch[1][2] türkischer Politiker der kemalistischen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ismet Pascha — İsmet İnönü Mustafa İsmet (seit 1934:) İnönü (* 24. September 1884 in İzmir; † 25. Dezember 1973 in Ankara) war kurdisch[1][2] türkischer Politiker der kemalistischen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • INÖNÜ (I.) — INÖNÜ ISMET PACHA dit ISMET (1884 1973) Compagnon d’armes de Mustafa Kemal, Ismet Inönü fut l’un des grands bâtisseurs de la Turquie moderne. Né à Smyrne, fils d’un employé du ministère de la Justice qui voulait faire de lui un juriste, Inönü… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • İsmet İnönü — Primer Ministro de la República de Turquía …   Wikipedia Español

  • Inönü — ist der Name folgender Personen: Erdal İnönü (1926–2007), türkischer Politiker und Physiker İsmet İnönü (1884–1973), türkischer Politiker İnönü (Distrikt) ist außerdem ein Distrikt in der türkischen Provinz Eskişehir …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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